How do we understand health in relation to society? What role does culture play in shaping our experiences of, and orientation to, health and illness? How do we understand medicine and medical treatment within a sociological framework?
Chapter : Social Class
In their book The Social Construction of Reality (1967), Berger and Luckmann attempt to bring together the two key strands of classical sociology: the first, which emphasizes the objective structures of society and their influence in shaping human action (constraining individual action), and the second, which emphasizes the role of human agency in constructing the social world through (inter)subjective meanings. Berger and Luckmann are concerned with everyday knowledge, as distinct from expert knowledge; that is, the social stock of knowledge that constitutes the background ...