How do we understand health in relation to society? What role does culture play in shaping our experiences of, and orientation to, health and illness? How do we understand medicine and medical treatment within a sociological framework?
Chapter : Social Class
Citizenship and Health
The concept of ‘citizenship’ has a long history and a complex set of connections to ‘democracy’, ‘rights’ and modern concepts such as ‘welfare’, ‘consumerism’ and ‘community participation’. During the course of the twentieth century health services, and latterly health itself, became the focus for arguments about the proper relationship between the modern state and its citizens. In the twenty-first century, widening inequalities, nationally and globally, new biomedical and information technologies, and concerns over the sustainability of funding for health and social care systems ...