This is a handy guide to the topics you need to know about whether studying or working in the field of learning disabilities. The A-Z format allows you to “dip in” and quickly find relevant information on topics ranging from Autism to Rights and from Advocacy to Challenging Behaviors.

Children and Adolescents

Children and adolescents


The point at which a child becomes an adult is difficult to define. Crickmore and Dearing (2007) identify that the Children Act of 2004 states that childhood ends at 18, unless they are identified as having a learning disability, in which case it can be extended to 20. Clearly, this definition encompasses adolescence, which is frequently dealt with as a distinct developmental stage. Flynn and Russell (2005) found that the age range given for adolescence is far from standard. They identify the characteristics of adolescence as the completion of physical growth and the acquisition of the skills needed to adopt an adult role and adult capacity. They stress the enormity of the changes involved.

Key Points

  • The discovery of a learning disability ...
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