• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This is a handy guide to the topics you need to know about whether studying or working in the field of learning disabilities. The A-Z format allows you to “dip in” and quickly find relevant information on topics ranging from Autism to Rights and from Advocacy to Challenging Behaviors.

Friendships and Social Networks
Friendships and social networks
KarenMcKenzie
Definition

How friendship is defined varies from one individual to the next and can be affected by factors such as gender, culture and age, as well as the depth of that friendship. However, definitions of friendship do appear to have some common elements. They are generally understood as voluntary relationships between people that are likely to involve: affective components, such as feelings of liking and respect; and behavioural aspects, for example, spending time together and providing practical and emotional support and cognitive appraisals of the friend as a person who is reliable and trustworthy. Friendships will also have psychological components and can impact on our self-identity and self-esteem (Adams et al., 2000; Emerson and McVilly, 2004). Social networks, in ...

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