This is a handy guide to the topics you need to know about whether studying or working in the field of learning disabilities. The A-Z format allows you to “dip in” and quickly find relevant information on topics ranging from Autism to Rights and from Advocacy to Challenging Behaviors.




‘Race’, culture and ethnicity are terms that are used interchangeably and without any conceptual clarity potentially creating confusion both for the public and services. A clear differentiation between these terms is therefore necessary. The word ‘culture’ denotes a way of life (for example, family life, behaviour patterns, beliefs and language) and generally refers to the non-material aspects of life common to members of a group (for example, child-rearing practices, family systems, ethical values or attitudes) which are not static. ‘Ethnicity’ refers to a sense of belonging based in both culture and ‘race’, when either ‘culture’ or ‘race’ is inappropriate and undesirable. The term ‘black’ could, therefore, be used to describe people politely – referring to people identified not just by the colour of their skin ...

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