This is a handy guide to the topics you need to know about whether studying or working in the field of learning disabilities. The A-Z format allows you to “dip in” and quickly find relevant information on topics ranging from Autism to Rights and from Advocacy to Challenging Behaviors.




According to Brodie et al. (2005), epilepsy is the most common chronic disabling condition of the nervous system. Epileptic seizures result from an imbalance of the excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms within the brain, the nerve impulses generated from neurones being abnormal and uncoordinated. The form of seizure that a person suffers from will usually depend on the part of the brain affected. Seizures can range from brief lapses in attention to large convulsive fits. These unprovoked recurrent seizures can have profound adverse physical, psychological and social implications for people who suffer from this condition (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2004).

Key Points

  • The epidemiology and aetiology of epilepsy in persons with a learning disability help to contextualise the problem.
  • Seizure type and seizure syndromes in ...
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