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Employment can be defined simply as working for pay, although a preferred definition would be the practice of undertaking the duties, activities or services that are part of a role, through which a person is paid a sum of money, in the way of wages. Definitions of employment often incorporate the words ‘job’, meaning performance of a task, and ‘occupation’, that is, the state of being occupied. As Giddens (2006: 777) has suggested, employment, for many, ‘ … occupies a larger part of our lives than any other single type of activity’, and brings with it an expansion of an individual's social network, a basis for activity and time structuring, and contributes significantly to that individual's concept of self, level of self-esteem, and emotional ...

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