This is a handy guide to the topics you need to know about whether studying or working in the field of learning disabilities. The A-Z format allows you to “dip in” and quickly find relevant information on topics ranging from Autism to Rights and from Advocacy to Challenging Behaviors.
Employment can be defined simply as working for pay, although a preferred definition would be the practice of undertaking the duties, activities or services that are part of a role, through which a person is paid a sum of money, in the way of wages. Definitions of employment often incorporate the words ‘job’, meaning performance of a task, and [Page 90]‘occupation’, that is, the state of being occupied. As Giddens (2006: 777) has suggested, employment, for many, ‘ … occupies a larger part of our lives than any other single type of activity’, and brings with it an expansion of an individual's social network, a basis for activity and time structuring, and contributes significantly to that individual's concept of self, level of self-esteem, and emotional ...