This is a handy guide to the topics you need to know about whether studying or working in the field of learning disabilities. The A-Z format allows you to “dip in” and quickly find relevant information on topics ranging from Autism to Rights and from Advocacy to Challenging Behaviors.
Accurately defining disability is exceptionally difficult, particularly given its diverse nature, the impact on individuals’ lives, and the degree of acceptance within families, the community and society. We know that it cuts across societal boundaries and has global consequences (Albrecht and Verbrugge, 2000) and we also know that some are born with or [Page 85]experience disability in infancy, though, crucially, the majority will encounter it towards the end of life (Albrecht et al., 2001). Maybe a starting point, beyond these few facts, is to acknowledge that increased technological, ethical, and scientific knowledge does not mean that we know what disability is, what it implies, or what to expect for those affected and the world they inhabit (Bowker and Star, 1999).
- Medicine has a ...