Macro-leadership and micro-leadership are different levels of focus. The macro-level is more about vision, strategy and future planning whereas the micro-level is more about management of an organization's day-to-day activities. Should either focus predominate, or does excellent leadership depend on both functions being carried out simultaneously or at least sequentially? The debate is explored in many discussions, including in The Five Minds of the Manager (Gosling and Mintzberg, 2003). Management without leadership can be humdrum and boring, whilst leadership without management can be exciting but out of control.
Consider the following commonly cited characteristics of leading and managing. Leading involves:
- creating a clear and compelling vision;
- making major change ...