The SAGE Key Concepts series provide students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension. Key Concepts in Journalism offers a systematic and accessible introduction to the terms, processes, and effects of journalism;a combination of practical considerations with theoretical issues; and further reading suggestions. The authors bring an enormous range of experience in newspaper and broadcast journalism, at national and regional level, as well as their teaching expertise. This book will be essential reading for students in journalism, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers.

Independent National Radio (INR)

Independent national radio (INR)

The Broadcasting Act 1990 sanctioned the creation of the Radio Authority which, under the next wave of expansion, was to license three independent national radio stations by the middle of the decade, as well as a host of new local stations. These new stations were subject to a ‘lighter’ regulatory regime than had existed before and their eight-year licences were retained through honouring their ‘promise of performance’. But unlike the ‘quality threshold’ which then operated in the television licensing system, the licences would go to the highest cash bidder in a blind auction.

Classic FM, the UK's first Independent National Radio station (INR1), began broadcasting a classical music service in September 1992. In April 1993, Virgin 1215 (INR2) went on-air ...

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