The SAGE Key Concepts series provide students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension. Key Concepts in Journalism offers a systematic and accessible introduction to the terms, processes, and effects of journalism;a combination of practical considerations with theoretical issues; and further reading suggestions. The authors bring an enormous range of experience in newspaper and broadcast journalism, at national and regional level, as well as their teaching expertise. This book will be essential reading for students in journalism, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers.



Transitivity describes the relationships between participants and the roles they play in the processes described in reporting, basically, the ‘who (or what) does what to whom (or what)’. These relations between participants depend upon the process represented by the principal verb of a sentence. In English there are four principal types of verbs, and therefore four different types of process which a sentence can use. First, verbal processes, such as speaking, shouting or singing. Second, verbs can be mental processes such as thinking, dreaming and deciding. Third, relational processes of being, such as have, seem and be (or is), which involve an agent and an attribute. And fourth, material processes, which can be further divided into: transitive action involving two or more participants – the ...

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