Key Concepts in Human Resources Management is an essential guide to the theories and issues that define the field - from the critical debates to the more practical considerations that every student should be aware of.52 short entries will serve to orientate the student round the need-to-know essentials. Entries will include Employment Tribunals, Benefits, Corporate Social Responsibility, Discipline and Grievance, Control, Employee relations, Incentive schemes, Motivation, Organizational culture, Strategic HRM, Victimisation.A range of relevant HR applications will be given for each term.A selection of recommended readings are suggested for each entry.

Organisational Structure

Organisational structure

The most basic definition of organisational structure is that it is the way in which the departments, functions and sections are arranged to allow the organisation to achieve its business objectives. Traditional approaches to structure emphasised the task aspects of the work being undertaken in the organisation intended to reinforce the hierarchical control and segmented responsibilities.

The most common forms of organisational structure found include:

  • Entrepreneurial structures Typically found in a small organisation with the owner usually playing an active and dominant role in running it. In this form of organisation, management and decision making are largely inseparable from the personal preferences of the owners.
  • Product-based structures In such organisations the product or service produced becomes the focus for the arrangement and ‘organisation’ of

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