Key Concepts in Human Resources Management is an essential guide to the theories and issues that define the field - from the critical debates to the more practical considerations that every student should be aware of.52 short entries will serve to orientate the student round the need-to-know essentials. Entries will include Employment Tribunals, Benefits, Corporate Social Responsibility, Discipline and Grievance, Control, Employee relations, Incentive schemes, Motivation, Organizational culture, Strategic HRM, Victimisation.A range of relevant HR applications will be given for each term.A selection of recommended readings are suggested for each entry.
Culture is a difficult term to define in ways that are clear and unambiguous. One way of defining it is in terms of the acquired and conventionally accepted ways of thinking and behaving among a group or society. Another often quoted definition is the way we do things around here. However it is defined, culture reflects the ideologies, shared philosophies, values, beliefs, assumptions, attitudes, expectations, and norms of an organisation.
Schein (1985) identified six dimensions that he suggested reflected the composition of culture within an organisational context. These are:
- Behavioural regularities The regular, routine patterns of behaviour in a particular context.
- Dominant values The beliefs held by specific groups and organisations.
- Norms The general patterns of behaviour that all members of a particular group would ...