Key Concepts in Human Resources Management is an essential guide to the theories and issues that define the field - from the critical debates to the more practical considerations that every student should be aware of.52 short entries will serve to orientate the student round the need-to-know essentials. Entries will include Employment Tribunals, Benefits, Corporate Social Responsibility, Discipline and Grievance, Control, Employee relations, Incentive schemes, Motivation, Organizational culture, Strategic HRM, Victimisation.A range of relevant HR applications will be given for each term.A selection of recommended readings are suggested for each entry.

Expatriation and International Management

Expatriation and international management

Expatriation refers to labour used by an organisation in a location that would not count as the home location of the employee. There are different forms of expatriate labour including home country nationals who transfer to another country; third country nationals; an international cadre; and secondments in the medium or long term. These are also examples of international management.

Sparrow (2006) identified a wide range of different types of expatriation, including:

  • International commuters.
  • Contract expatriates.
  • Employees used on long-term business trips.
  • Assignees on short-term or medium-term business trips.
  • Cadres of global managers.
  • International transferees (from one subsidiary to another).
  • ‘Self-initiated movers’ who live and work away from their home country.
  • Virtual international employees active in cross-border project teams.
  • Domestically-based employees dealing with international suppliers and/or clients.
  • Immigrants attracted ...
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