Edited by Dr Rob Kitchen, Director of the National Institute of Regional and Spatial Analysis (NIRSA) at the National University of Ireland, the Key Concepts in Human Geography series is an innovative set of companion texts for undergraduate students of the Human Geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, they provide a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in their field. All books in the series are authored by internationally recognized academics and include an introductory chapter and extensive pedagogic features in the form of a glossary, figures, diagrams and further reading. Morrissey et al have produced a detailed yet expansive guide to an area in which students have been poorly served in the past. Key Concepts in Historical Geography brings alive the human geographies of the past, and demonstrates their relevancy for understanding key aspects of the contemporary world. This new and innovative includes entries on: Colonial and Postcolonial geographies Globalization Space Power Intended Audience: Key Concepts in Historical Geography is an excellent text for upper level undergraduate and postgraduate students of Historical Geography.
Chapter 17: Cultures of Science and Technology
Cultures of Science and Technology
A dimension shared by many definitions of ‘modernity’ is the direct involvement of both ‘science’ and ‘technology’ in the construction of modern objects and subject alike. Going hand in hand with the notion of ‘progress’, technologically infused and scientifically backed modernity emerges as a categorically different and at one stage ‘new’ context in which humankind operates. The preceding chapter looked more closely at the steam engine as one such context-changing object and analysed its importance within the ongoing history of capitalism. This chapter will analyse the changing cultures attaching to both modern science and technology on a broader canvas.
Customarily, the idea motivating such and related definitions of modernity is that of a categorical break: ...