Key Concepts in Governance provides a clear introduction to the technical concepts and policies of contemporary governance through short definitional essays. Each entry features a snapshot definition of the concept, a contextualization of the concept, an overview of relevant debates, and a guide to further reading. The book also includes a substantial introductory chapter which gives an overview of governance studies as a whole, orientating and guiding the reader around the issues that the concepts address.
Collective Action Problem
The collective action problem suggests that even when members of a group have a common good they might fail to act to attain it. The relevant common goods are those that, once attained, are made available to everyone irrespective of whether or not they acted to attain it. An example of such a common good is clean air: clean air benefits everyone regardless of the extent to which they cause air pollution. Collective action problems occur because the fact that everyone benefits from these common goods means that the rational strategy for each individual is to try to reap the benefits without having to put any work into attaining them. Rational individuals aim to freeride: they aim to have others ...