Key Concepts in Governance provides a clear introduction to the technical concepts and policies of contemporary governance through short definitional essays. Each entry features a snapshot definition of the concept, a contextualization of the concept, an overview of relevant debates, and a guide to further reading. The book also includes a substantial introductory chapter which gives an overview of governance studies as a whole, orientating and guiding the reader around the issues that the concepts address.
Policy networks consist of governmental and societal actors whose interactions with one another give rise to policies. Typically, these actors are linked through informal practices as well as, or even instead of, formal institutions. The actors are interdependent; they can secure the desired outcomes only by collaborating with each other.
Policy networks can vary widely. At one extreme lie policy communities. Policy communities have a limited number of participant groups, with some groups being excluded. The participants share broad values, beliefs, and preferences. They meet frequently, and they all interact closely on any topic related to the policy area. All of them have significant resources, so their interactions consist of institutionalized forms of negotiation and bargaining. They are usually organized hierarchically so the ...