Key Concepts in Governance provides a clear introduction to the technical concepts and policies of contemporary governance through short definitional essays. Each entry features a snapshot definition of the concept, a contextualization of the concept, an overview of relevant debates, and a guide to further reading. The book also includes a substantial introductory chapter which gives an overview of governance studies as a whole, orientating and guiding the reader around the issues that the concepts address.
New Public Management
New Public Management (NPM) is a loose term, used to categorize a broad set of administrative ideas and reforms. Many observers argue that NPM was a common, or at least overlapping, agenda of the member states of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) from the late 1970s and through the 1980s. In broad terms, NPM drew on neoliberal and managerial theories to attempt to make the public sector more efficient by rolling back and reorganizing the [Page 142]state through privatization and marketization. NPM tried to reorganize what remained of the state by transferring various tasks to executive agencies and by introducing private sector management techniques to the public sector. The grand aim was thereby to make the state more ...