Key Concepts in Governance provides a clear introduction to the technical concepts and policies of contemporary governance through short definitional essays. Each entry features a snapshot definition of the concept, a contextualization of the concept, an overview of relevant debates, and a guide to further reading. The book also includes a substantial introductory chapter which gives an overview of governance studies as a whole, orientating and guiding the reader around the issues that the concepts address.
Evidence-based policy-making is the analysis of many forms of empirical data as a guide to the creation, modification, or retention of effective public policies. Evidence-based policy-making appears to have originated in health policy in the UK. Policy-makers began to worry that the selection and use of medicines was not based on evidence derived from appropriate tests, such as randomized controlled trials. This worry gave rise to calls for ‘evidence-based medicine’, such that drugs would be used only if there was appropriate laboratory evidence of their effectiveness. From UK health policy, evidence-based policy-making spread to states such as Australia and the USA, as well as to diverse policy sectors, including criminal justice, education, the environment, housing, and social welfare. Back in the UK, the ...