Key Concepts in Governance provides a clear introduction to the technical concepts and policies of contemporary governance through short definitional essays. Each entry features a snapshot definition of the concept, a contextualization of the concept, an overview of relevant debates, and a guide to further reading. The book also includes a substantial introductory chapter which gives an overview of governance studies as a whole, orientating and guiding the reader around the issues that the concepts address.
Decentralization is a process that reallocates resources from a higher, more central authority to a lower one. Administrative decentralization redistributes tasks and duties in a bureaucracy to lower levels, special agencies, or local bodies. Political decentralization delegates powers and responsibilities to lower, local tiers of government. It might involve either devolution – the delegation of responsibilities to subordinates – or regionalization – the division of areas of government into smaller regions. Decentralization generally tries to bring power and authority closer to the citizens it affects in order to promote more efficient and democratic politics.
There has also been some recent talk of economic decentralization. Economic decentralization disperses economic responsibilities across regions or private businesses. It may refer to a political process in which local governments supplant ...