Key Concepts in Educational Assessment provides expert definitions and interpretations of common terms within the policy and practice of educational assessment. Concepts such as validity, assessment for learning, measurement, comparability and differentiation are discussed, and there is broad coverage of UK and international terminology. Drawing on the considerable expertise of the authors, the entries provide: - clear definitions; - accounts of the key issues; - authoritative and reliable information; - suggestions for further reading
Created to support students of education on undergraduate and postgraduate courses, and established education professionals including those who are members of the Chartered Institute of Educational Assessors (CIEA), this book is an accessible guide for anyone engaged in educational assessment.
Tina Isaacs is Director of the MA in Educational Assessment at the Institute of Education, London.
Catherine Zara was most recently Director of the MA in Educational Assessment and Director of the BA (Hons) in Post Compulsory Education and Training at the University of Warwick.
Graham Herbert was most recently Director of the CIEA.
Steve J. Coombs is Head of Department for Continuing Professional Development at Bath Spa University, which offers an MA in Educational Assessment.
Charles Smith is senior lecturer in economics and education at Swansea Metropolitan University of Wales Trinity Saint David.
Chapter 17: Examinations
Before we can determine whether an examination fulfils its purpose, we need to understand what that purpose is. Gordon Stobart (2008) lists a number of purposes that any examination may seek to achieve:
- selection and certification
- determining and raising standards
- formative assessment - assessment for learning.
Stobart (2008) suggests that there are individual, professional and managerial purposes as well as those listed above. These purposes often overlap and sometimes compete. For example, success in an examination may be used to determine the type of university course that an individual may wish to pursue. Here the examination has selection and certification purposes ...