• Summary
  • Contents

About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Even in the old grammar schools, which were already selective, pupils were often put into ‘streams’. These are teaching groups based on overall ability. Pupils quickly worked out whether they were in the ‘top stream’ or ‘bottom stream’. It is a watery metaphor, and obviously the top stream was meant to flow more quickly.

The rationale behind streaming is that pupils will make better progress alongside pupils of similar ability, and planning a lesson will be more coherent, aiming it at a specific level. As with any system that categorises or labels people, there are problems. Some pupils don't fit neatly into a category – they might be good at one subject, but not at another. Making a decision on pupils at the borderlines is ...

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