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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Like several other words currently used in education – for example, ‘target’ – ‘strategy’ has a military origin, meaning the movements and operations of a campaign. It also meant the plan for what was hoped to be a successful military action. In education generally, it carries the meaning of a long-term plan, the ‘big picture’, but the word is often used pretentiously. To be ‘strategic’ is a compliment used of someone who is, or is aspiring to be, a senior manager (he or she is obviously able to produce numerous action plans).

There are specific strategies, of which the most important is the National Strategy. This began in 1998 with the Primary Literacy Strategy, closely followed by the Primary Numeracy Strategy. These required staff to ...

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