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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


An important consequence of the current of new ideas which swept Europe and North America towards the end of the eighteenth century and was known as the Enlightenment was a new awareness of the size and variety of the globe. This transpired in two ways: in the first, the new doctrines of rights and equality led thinkers to declare for the universal principles of human nature to be established in all societies; in the second, the voyages of exploration and imperialism, the new sciences of archaeology and anthropology, caused the recognition of the otherness and sheer difference of humankind.

As the nineteenth century advanced, it became obvious with the stupendous explosion of new technologies brought by the Industrial Revolution, in particular to Western Europe, that ...

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