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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


The word ‘school’ comes from the Latin schola, and a similar derivation has been adopted in nearly all European languages. The word means the actual building, but also refers to the institution as a whole – the building, the people inside it, and the whole organisation. This can be seen in sentences where the school seems to be a thinking being: ‘the school is developing a policy’ or ‘the school encourages innovative teaching’. This type of construction, of course, conceals who is actually taking responsibility for these things. ‘The school’ may not be the perfectly homogenous entity that is implied.

As a verb, ‘to school’ means to train or discipline, for example in the schooling of horses.

Grammar schools set up in Elizabethan times were for ...

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