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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


‘Progress’ is another slippery term. Its basic meaning is to move forward, which implies improvement. However, taking this in its literal sense, one can walk forward into a bog, or over a cliff. To the Victorians, ‘progress’ meant that they were moving towards a more perfect world. Nowadays we are more sceptical, and we are aware that improvements can bring huge hazards as well as benefits.

Progress now takes its meaning from the advances of science and natural history which gradually led the people studying nature in the eighteenth century to realise that nature herself was on the move and not, as everyone had supposed, immutable. The scientist who finalised these discoveries and arranged them in his new theory of evolution was Charles Darwin, who ...

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