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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Meritocracy was the neologism coined by Michael Young as the key concept of what he saw as a new kind of society shaping itself in 1950. This concept identifies a social group rising to power strictly (or so it believes) on account of its own intrinsic merits, whether merits of intelligence, ability, charm, talent, specialised experience, or just the gift of getting on with other people and, as they say, ‘making things happen’. The main point about the meritocrat is that his or her success ratifies the principle of equality of opportunity because in no way depending upon prior and unearned privileges of birth, inheritance, education or social class. The power and position of a meritocrat is, he or she believes, consequent only upon ...

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