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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  

Management
Management

The word ‘manage’ seems to have come into English from the Italian maneggiare which means to handle, especially to handle or train horses. This is interesting given its use in education relating to the management of people (both children and adults). It also means providing the overall day-to-day administration, and this applies to schools as well as to businesses and other organisations.

Historically, managers were agents (for example, farm managers), rather than owners or employers. This is the case in schools, where the local authority, or the governors, would be the employers. In industry, at different times, the interests of ‘management’ and ‘workers’ have often been in conflict, and then usually resolved by compromise, unless one side capitulates.

The word ‘management’ came to be used widely ...

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