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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Ideology started life, like so many of our political concepts, in the Enlightenment and during the French Revolution. It then meant no more than a system of (probably recent) ideas. However, it quickly took on a slightly fishy-smelling suggestion, as exemplified in the joke conjugation: ‘I have wisdom and experience; you have beliefs; he has an ideology’. By now, indeed, ideology itself has been thoroughly ideologised, which is to say has been turned into an object of ideological dispute as between holders of different sets of ideological opinions.

It was Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who started it, and turned the concept into so bristling a landmine. In The German Ideology, written during 1848, the year of widespread revolution in Europe, they argued that the ...

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