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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Freedom is, as everybody knows, one of the greatest and most noble of our own political ideals, but also of the commonly cherished ideals of most of the nation-states of the world. Nonetheless, it is sometimes a difficult idea to fill with any content, since freedom connotes an unspecific state of being in which one can do what one likes. The grim philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, who considered freedom largely a delusion, wrote in his study of the state and its sovereignty, Leviathan (1651), that all that is required for someone to be free is that action proceed from a person's will. Since he held a very low view of human wilfulness, it followed that freedom had better be strongly constrained by civil law and ...

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