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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Like potential, ‘ability’ is a slippery term, and an individual's ability is, in itself, impossible to measure. Attainment can be measured through various forms of testing, which provide evidence of a specific kind of ability, demonstrated under particular circumstances. These results are used by schools to project forward, and set targets for pupils, assuming that their ‘ability’ continues to develop smoothly.

Teachers themselves are well aware of the fact that the children they work with have a wide range of abilities. One of the problems they face is to ensure that their lessons are suitable for everyone, or, as the Ofsted framework puts it, ‘work is closely tailored to the full range of learners’ needs, so that all can succeed’. Lesson plans are meant to ...

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