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The word ‘curriculum’ comes from the Latin currere, to run, and so links with ‘course’ (as for a race). ‘Curriculum vitae’ is the course of one's life. The word took on the meaning of a course of study. In schools, it usually means the full range of subjects taught, taken as a whole experience. Nowadays, the curriculum is meant to be ‘broad and balanced’. It should be enhanced in schools by ‘extracurricular’ activities, which are the clubs and trips which pupils can choose to join, beyond the basic curriculum.

The essential forms of the academic curriculum in Britain were set by medieval monasteries and then consolidated by the Elizabethan Grammar Schools, there identified as the exclusive subjects of school study. Fundamental to that education was ...

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