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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


To be critical is, in everyday conversation, to be a bit anti-social, to be looking for disagreement, to be hard to please. Yet learning how to criticise is the bedrock foundation of education and one fundamental activity of thinking. It has, what is more, manifold forms. Far from being merely the habit of picking holes in things and of finding defects in everything, one may be no less critical in creatively imagining circumstances or conditions different from those which prevail, and then pointing out their advantages.

It is usual to counterpose creation to criticism. But when a poet is going through a first draft of a poem improving its rhythms or crossing out one image and substituting another, he or she is criticising and creating ...

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