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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Community is a word almost impossible to utter with hostility. It is also, like so many of our concepts, so generally applied to such differing conditions that it is difficult to see how it can carry such a heavy weight of value. Thus, newspapers regularly speak of the community of nations, large disparate groups scattered through the society are associated in terms of belief, employment or geography as communities (‘the Muslim community’, ‘the fishing community’, ‘the village community’), although in every case one can detect an appeal to a higher and well-acknowledged value.

This is the value given to direct, close and immediate social relations. The word itself expresses the commonness of the qualities implied, and community is counterposed to society as meaning those direct, ...

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