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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Class is in the first instance a neutral term indicating a boundary set around a selection or population of similar entities. In a school, a ‘class’ is a specific group of pupils – who may not appear to be ‘similar entities’ at all. Classifying the world is a fundamental human necessity by way of making it intelligible. Once things that are alike are put together, they can imaginably be brought under human control. During the disputes among the great figures who brought modern science into being at the turn of the sixteenth century, Francis Bacon wrote ‘count and classify’, and the ordering of classification by numbers is the foundation of science.

Schemes of classification are now known by a term borrowed from biology as taxonomies ...

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