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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


As an educational and political concept, citizenship has one of the longest pedigrees in this book. It may be traced, in very early formulations, to Plato's discussions of the duties of (male) members of the Republic, and more specifically, in Aristotle's lectures developing Plato (the Nicomachean Ethics and the Politics), where he describes the ideal functioning of the polis, which is to say the ‘polity’ or institution of self-government. There citizens will debate and settle the common good of the society according to common principles of rational discourse.

The idea was given formal and legal definition first as the Roman Empire bestowed citizenship on its auxiliary troops, and then in the passionate and bloodstained arguments in classical Rome as such eloquent opponents of tyranny as ...

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