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Citizenship
Citizenship

As an educational and political concept, citizenship has one of the longest pedigrees in this book. It may be traced, in very early formulations, to Plato's discussions of the duties of (male) members of the Republic, and more specifically, in Aristotle's lectures developing Plato (the Nicomachean Ethics and the Politics), where he describes the ideal functioning of the polis, which is to say the ‘polity’ or institution of self-government. There citizens will debate and settle the common good of the society according to common principles of rational discourse.

The idea was given formal and legal definition first as the Roman Empire bestowed citizenship on its auxiliary troops, and then in the passionate and bloodstained arguments in classical Rome as such eloquent opponents of tyranny as ...

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