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About the SeriesThe SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.Key Concepts in Education provides students with over 100 essential themes, topics and expressions that Education students are likely to encounter, both during their courses and beyond in professional practice. Co-authored to draw on experiences of working within academia, local authorities and the classroom, the entries provide:a definition of the concepta description of the historical and practical contextan explanation of how the concept is appliedan evaluation of the concepthelpful references and suggested further readingThis book will be essential reading for students of Education, and an invaluable reference tool for their professional careers. About the AuthorsFred Inglis is Emeritus Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Sheffield. Lesley Aers is a senior member of a local authority school improvement service and an Ofsted inspector. Both authors are former schoolteachers.  


Like so many of the concepts in educational discourse, behaviour has a conversational and a technical meaning. In the conversation of staffrooms, behaviour is a synonym for the conduct of the pupils, and good and bad behaviours are no more than classifications of approval or disapproval by teachers of what their pupils did in the playground or on the school trip. The behaviour observed in school as a whole is one of the features to be judged during an inspection.

Round about the beginning of the twentieth century, however, psychology began to assert itself as another one of the human sciences with a claim to the crown of all the sciences. As a discipline (and a set of professional associations) it split into two, rivalrous ...

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