Key Concepts in Economic Geography is a new kind of textbook that forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the human geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, this book provides a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in economic geography. Involving detailed and expansive discussions, the book includes:
An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries with comprehensive explanations, definitions, and evolutions of the subject; Extensive pedagogic features that enhance understanding including figures, diagrams, and further reading
An ideal companion text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in economic geography, the book presents the key concepts in the discipline, demonstrating their historical roots, and contemporary applications to fully understand the processes of economic change, regional growth and decline, globalization, and the changing locations of firms and industries. Written by an internationally recognized set of authors, the book is an essential addition to any geography student's library.
Chapter 1.1: Labour
Labour is one of the agents of economic change. Labour has been conceptualized as a key factor of production, a socio-economic class (e.g. the proletariat, the creative class), as an important agent of social movements (i.e. collective bargaining through labour unions), and a source of innovation and technological change (entrepreneurship). Although technological change has traditionally been viewed as an aspect of capital productivity, today it is widely recognized that various process innovation can significantly boost labour productivity.1
The mobility of labour is considered to be far more limited than that of capital, making it difficult to transfer knowledge embodied in labour from one place to another. Furthermore, although research focuses on labour performed for wages in firms, other forms of labour, often unpaid, are central ...