Key Concepts in Economic Geography is a new kind of textbook that forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the human geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, this book provides a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in economic geography. Involving detailed and expansive discussions, the book includes:
An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries with comprehensive explanations, definitions, and evolutions of the subject; Extensive pedagogic features that enhance understanding including figures, diagrams, and further reading
An ideal companion text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in economic geography, the book presents the key concepts in the discipline, demonstrating their historical roots, and contemporary applications to fully understand the processes of economic change, regional growth and decline, globalization, and the changing locations of firms and industries. Written by an internationally recognized set of authors, the book is an essential addition to any geography student's library.
Chapter 3.4: Post-Fordism
The Fordism/Post-Fordism debate represents a periodized understanding of the dominant mode of industrial organization and its role in economic growth, primarily in advanced industrialized economies. The term Fordism refers to streamlined assembly-line (mass-production) manufacturing with a strict division of labour, pioneered by Ford Motors of the United States. Fordism was the dominant model of high-efficiency production organization from its inception in 1913 to the end of 1960s, and is viewed as a major reason for the dramatic rise in productivity in the US manufacturing sector, making the United States economy an industrial powerhouse of the twentieth century (Best, 1990). Widely advocated by a group of French Marxian economists called the Regulation School and American labour economists in the 1970s and 1980s, Post-Fordism referred to ...