Key Concepts in Economic Geography is a new kind of textbook that forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the human geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, this book provides a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in economic geography. Involving detailed and expansive discussions, the book includes:
An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries with comprehensive explanations, definitions, and evolutions of the subject; Extensive pedagogic features that enhance understanding including figures, diagrams, and further reading
An ideal companion text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in economic geography, the book presents the key concepts in the discipline, demonstrating their historical roots, and contemporary applications to fully understand the processes of economic change, regional growth and decline, globalization, and the changing locations of firms and industries. Written by an internationally recognized set of authors, the book is an essential addition to any geography student's library.
Chapter 3.3: Regional Disparity
What are regions, and what explains the differences in their economic activities? In the mid-1950s, North (1955, 1956) and Tiebout (1956a, 1956b) declared that there is no ‘ideal’ region, a view that still holds true in the early twenty-first century. Jacobs (1969) conceptualized a region as a self-sustaining entity comprising cities and the hinterland, with the former serving as a location of markets and exchanges while the latter provided agricultural commodities necessary to sustain the city. Today's conceptualization of regions has departed from the natural resource-based paradigm of the past to those that are based on other indicators, defined by export base, transport accessibility, intra- and inter-firm relations, as well as terms of regional and international trade.
What Is a Region?
A dominant conceptualization ...