How do we understand drug use? How are drugs related to our social worlds? How should drug use be understood, approached and dealt with? Insightful and illuminating, this book successfully discusses drugs in social contexts. In an elegant manner, the authors bring together their different theoretical and practical backgrounds, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction that opens up a wide scientific understanding moving beyond cultural myths and presuppositions. Powerful and engaging, this book discusses main questions within the field of psychoactive drugs research, such as: Why do people take drugs? How do we understand moral panics? What is the relationship between drugs and violence? How do people's social positions influence their individual involvement in drug use? This is an invaluable reference source for students on criminology, sociology and social sciences programmes, as well as students and drug service practitioners in social work, social policy and nursing.
Chapter 38: Drug Testing in Schools and Workplaces
The laboratory analysis of biological markers to detect the presence of particular drugs.
Various technologies have been developed to identify individuals who have consumed drugs. These technologies involve the collection of bodily fluids or hair whereby specimens are used to test for the presence of one or more drugs. Although urinalysis remains the most common method of drug testing, drug use can also be detected through blood, oral fluids (for example, saliva), perspiration and hair. Drug tests are limited in that they cannot determine drug addiction or dependency. Nor is drug testing able to decipher the dosage (for example, amount consumed) or extent (for example, one-time versus daily use) of drug use. Additionally, urinalysis ...