How do we understand drug use? How are drugs related to our social worlds? How should drug use be understood, approached and dealt with? Insightful and illuminating, this book successfully discusses drugs in social contexts. In an elegant manner, the authors bring together their different theoretical and practical backgrounds, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction that opens up a wide scientific understanding moving beyond cultural myths and presuppositions. Powerful and engaging, this book discusses main questions within the field of psychoactive drugs research, such as: Why do people take drugs? How do we understand moral panics? What is the relationship between drugs and violence? How do people's social positions influence their individual involvement in drug use? This is an invaluable reference source for students on criminology, sociology and social sciences programmes, as well as students and drug service practitioners in social work, social policy and nursing.
Chapter 36: Crop Eradication, Crop Substitution and Legal Cultivation
Crop eradication, crop substitution and legal cultivation are ‘supply-side’ policies pursued as part of the global drug prohibition regime. Supply-side policies such as crop eradication focus on ‘producer countries’ in an attempt to disrupt the global trade in illegal substances at its source.
Crop eradication involves burning, cutting down or spraying crops with pesticides to kill them. Crop eradication aims to make the cultivation of illegal crops, such as cannabis, coca and opium poppy, unattractive for local farmers and rural workers. It has been argued by some that crop eradication through aerial fumigation by ‘spray planes’ has had limited success which has come at a high ...