How do we understand drug use? How are drugs related to our social worlds? How should drug use be understood, approached and dealt with? Insightful and illuminating, this book successfully discusses drugs in social contexts. In an elegant manner, the authors bring together their different theoretical and practical backgrounds, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction that opens up a wide scientific understanding moving beyond cultural myths and presuppositions. Powerful and engaging, this book discusses main questions within the field of psychoactive drugs research, such as: Why do people take drugs? How do we understand moral panics? What is the relationship between drugs and violence? How do people's social positions influence their individual involvement in drug use? This is an invaluable reference source for students on criminology, sociology and social sciences programmes, as well as students and drug service practitioners in social work, social policy and nursing.
Chapter 35: Drug Trafficking
Drug trafficking refers to the movement and supply of illicit drugs for gain. Drugs initially have to be made (plants cultivated, products produced/synthesised) and then they have to be transported to their various destinations where they will be consumed. Those that export and import drugs and transport them within and beyond nations are called drug traffickers. Those that sell drugs to consumers are more commonly understood as drug dealers (see also33 drug dealers).
Most of the drugs that are trafficked originate in the poorer countries of the world and most of the consumption of trafficked substances takes place in the world's more affluent nations (77 per cent of all drug sales taking place in the USA ...