How do we understand drug use? How are drugs related to our social worlds? How should drug use be understood, approached and dealt with? Insightful and illuminating, this book successfully discusses drugs in social contexts. In an elegant manner, the authors bring together their different theoretical and practical backgrounds, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction that opens up a wide scientific understanding moving beyond cultural myths and presuppositions. Powerful and engaging, this book discusses main questions within the field of psychoactive drugs research, such as: Why do people take drugs? How do we understand moral panics? What is the relationship between drugs and violence? How do people's social positions influence their individual involvement in drug use? This is an invaluable reference source for students on criminology, sociology and social sciences programmes, as well as students and drug service practitioners in social work, social policy and nursing.
Chapter 18: Novel Psychoactive Substances
Synthetic, semi-synthetic and natural substances that produce psychoactive effects and are legal to use, possess and supply.
To date, the physical and psychoactive effects of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) are broadly defined in terms of three categories: stimulants, depressants or hallucinogens. They are available in different forms (for example, tablets, mixtures, oils, powders, crystals) and have contained (1) plants, stems, leaves and herbs found in nature (for example, kava, kratom, salvia divinorum), (2) research chemicals produced in laboratories (for example, 2-aminoindan, butylone, mephedrone, methylone, synthetic cannabinoids, such as JWH-018 and JWH-073) or (3) semi-synthetic substances that are derived from natural oils (for example, DMAA). NPS are marketed in hundreds of different products and packaging often features ‘hippy style’, ‘new age’ or ...