How do we understand drug use? How are drugs related to our social worlds? How should drug use be understood, approached and dealt with? Insightful and illuminating, this book successfully discusses drugs in social contexts. In an elegant manner, the authors bring together their different theoretical and practical backgrounds, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction that opens up a wide scientific understanding moving beyond cultural myths and presuppositions. Powerful and engaging, this book discusses main questions within the field of psychoactive drugs research, such as: Why do people take drugs? How do we understand moral panics? What is the relationship between drugs and violence? How do people's social positions influence their individual involvement in drug use? This is an invaluable reference source for students on criminology, sociology and social sciences programmes, as well as students and drug service practitioners in social work, social policy and nursing.
Chapter 15: Drug Effects: Drug, Set and Setting
A drug effect is what happens to the mind and/or body of an individual that uses it. The actual effect of a taking a drug however is not as simple as (1) the drug causes (2) the behaviour/psychedelic effect/the harm. A fuller understanding of drug effects goes beyond simply looking at the drug in question, the dose used and the host body – a bio-pharmacological perspective – and also needs to consider expectation/beliefs, the mood of the user, the environment use is taking place in and the ways that drug effects can differ significantly when each of these aspects vary.
Psychoactive, or psychotropic, effects are those effects that are in some way ...