How do we understand drug use? How are drugs related to our social worlds? How should drug use be understood, approached and dealt with? Insightful and illuminating, this book successfully discusses drugs in social contexts. In an elegant manner, the authors bring together their different theoretical and practical backgrounds, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction that opens up a wide scientific understanding moving beyond cultural myths and presuppositions. Powerful and engaging, this book discusses main questions within the field of psychoactive drugs research, such as: Why do people take drugs? How do we understand moral panics? What is the relationship between drugs and violence? How do people's social positions influence their individual involvement in drug use? This is an invaluable reference source for students on criminology, sociology and social sciences programmes, as well as students and drug service practitioners in social work, social policy and nursing.
Chapter 5: Legal Drugs: Alcohol and Tobacco
While social and legal structures discourage or ban the use of many drugs, some drugs are not outlawed. These legal drugs are subject to forms of regulation to reduce prevalence, control use and minimise harm. Control policies, such as restrictions on pricing, availability, advertising and retail practices, have varied effect, with taxation being the most effective way to control use at the population level and voluntary advertising codes of practice being the least effective.
Drugs that are legal to sell, possess or use are subject to certain forms of regulation. Broadly, drugs that have been controlled through regulation rather than prohibition have tended to be those with a longer history of both use and misuse, as well ...