Key Concepts in Development Geography is a new kind of textbook that forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the human geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Development Geography is an introductory text that provides students with the core concepts that form contemporary research and ideas within the development geography discipline. Written in a clear and transparent style, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries that provide comprehensive definitions, explanations and evolutions of the subject; Excellent pedagogy to enhance students' understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams, and further reading
Organized around five of the most important areas of concern, the book covers: the meanings and measurement of development; its theory and practice; work, employment and development; people, culture and development; and contemporary issues in development. The perfect companion for undergraduates and graduate students pursuing geography degrees, the book is a timely look at the pressingly important field of international development studies today.
Chapter 2.1: Modernity, Modernization, Postmodernism and Post-Structuralism
Modernity, Modernization, Postmodernism and Post-Structuralism
In this chapter we provide an overview of the changing concepts that have directed ‘development’ in the Third World or global South (see Chapter 1.3). At the outset the chapter considers the multidisciplinary concept of modernity. Having done so, the account turns to the rise of postmodernism, postmodernity and post-structuralism as new intellectual, academic frameworks that respectively reject notions of ‘modernism’ and ‘structuralism’. The chapter critiques these approaches and their utility in the contemporary context. In so doing, modernity in its current neoliberal guise is found to be an extremely resilient factor in the development process.
It can be argued that the wholesale acceptance of modernity as a ‘development ideology’ has made things worse in the Third ...