Key Concepts in Development Geography is a new kind of textbook that forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the human geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Development Geography is an introductory text that provides students with the core concepts that form contemporary research and ideas within the development geography discipline. Written in a clear and transparent style, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries that provide comprehensive definitions, explanations and evolutions of the subject; Excellent pedagogy to enhance students' understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams, and further reading
Organized around five of the most important areas of concern, the book covers: the meanings and measurement of development; its theory and practice; work, employment and development; people, culture and development; and contemporary issues in development. The perfect companion for undergraduates and graduate students pursuing geography degrees, the book is a timely look at the pressingly important field of international development studies today.
Chapter 1.4: Defining and Measuring Poverty
Defining and Measuring Poverty
Poverty: Basic Concepts and Definitions
In recent years, numerous commentators have emphasized that poverty reduction and poverty alleviation strategies must be placed at the very core of development practice. For example, in the early 1990s, the World Bank's policies were regarded as giving rise to what was described as the ‘New Poverty Agenda’. In the same context, in 1999 ‘Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers’ were introduced as a vital policy instrument in respect of ‘Heavily Indebted Poor Countries’.
The simplest conceptualization of poverty is that it represents a lack of money and income. Proponents of this view point to the high correlation that generally exists between income and other measures of social and economic well-being, such as health and education. But ...