Key Concepts in Development Geography is a new kind of textbook that forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the human geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Development Geography is an introductory text that provides students with the core concepts that form contemporary research and ideas within the development geography discipline. Written in a clear and transparent style, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries that provide comprehensive definitions, explanations and evolutions of the subject; Excellent pedagogy to enhance students' understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams, and further reading
Organized around five of the most important areas of concern, the book covers: the meanings and measurement of development; its theory and practice; work, employment and development; people, culture and development; and contemporary issues in development. The perfect companion for undergraduates and graduate students pursuing geography degrees, the book is a timely look at the pressingly important field of international development studies today.
Chapter 5.1: Culture and Human Rights
Culture and Human Rights
Changing Approaches to Culture in Development Discourses
Since the mid-1990s, the importance of culture has been increasingly acknowledged in development discourses. This has resulted in what has been termed a ‘cultural turn’ in development policy and practice. ‘Culture’ is, however, a contested concept, associated with multiple meanings which have changed over time and which have influenced development policy and practice. This chapter traces the changing relationship between culture and development, before exploring the rise of rights-based approaches to development and the potential, tensions and challenges of the rights discourse in relation to culture.
Early understandings defined ‘culture’ as the actions of humans on nature, such as the cultivation of land, production of crops and animals, or as the symbolic behaviour ...