Key Concepts in Development Geography is a new kind of textbook that forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the human geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Development Geography is an introductory text that provides students with the core concepts that form contemporary research and ideas within the development geography discipline. Written in a clear and transparent style, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries that provide comprehensive definitions, explanations and evolutions of the subject; Excellent pedagogy to enhance students' understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams, and further reading
Organized around five of the most important areas of concern, the book covers: the meanings and measurement of development; its theory and practice; work, employment and development; people, culture and development; and contemporary issues in development. The perfect companion for undergraduates and graduate students pursuing geography degrees, the book is a timely look at the pressingly important field of international development studies today.
Chapter 4.5: Ageing and Development
Ageing and Development
Population Ageing and Development
The ‘older population’ of the world is increasing rapidly as a result of sustained gains in longevity and declines in fertility over the last century. Indeed, by 2050 the global population of older people (defined as aged 60 or over) is projected to reach over 2 billion, increasing from 11 per cent of the total population in 2009 (737 million) to 22 per cent (United Nations, 2009). Although often constructed as a threat to future development, population ageing represents one of the most notable achievements of the last century (Lloyd-Sherlock, 2004). Improvements in health and reductions in mortality have led to significant increases in life expectancy, with a projected increase from 68 years in 2005–2010 to 81 ...